All posts by Diane

July 2016 – Wildlife Watch

Grey Catbird_Doug Pederson
Grey Catbird – Doug Pederson

How are the birds doing in North America?

To answer that question, the North American Bird Conservation Initiative, a consortium of forty conservation organizations and government agencies has just published an important new document titled “The State of North America’s Birds”. More than 350 species of our migratory birds, such as the gray catbird, Baltimore oriole, and the wood thrush pass between Canada, the United States, and Mexico. The report combined citizen science bird data, collected on platforms such as e-Bird, to come up with the 2016 status report on the birds of all three countries, a total of 1,154 species.

The reports’ findings are alarming. It placed 37% of North American birds on a Watch List for Species in Urgent Need of Conservation. For some habitats birds are even more imperiled.  For instance, 57% of ocean birds are on the Watch List. Birds of tropical forests, coasts, arid lands and grasslands are also in steep decline. For these habitats, up to 56% of bird species are in decline. In other habitats, such as temperate forests, tundra, wetlands, and boreal forests, up to 27% of bird species are on the Watch List. Westford is a temperate forest habitat, but our migratory birds spend the winter in the tropical forest.

One hundred years ago, Canada, Mexico and the US signed the Migratory Bird Treaty in order to protect our shared heritage in birds. Now on the centennial of this treaty, we need to step up our cooperation to protect bird habitat. Keeping oceans clean and free of plastic waste, doing what we can to slow and stop global warming, and especially protecting breeding and wintering habitat for birds, will all be required. As consumers, we can add to citizen science data by watching birds and logging our bird sightings in on e-Bird. We can stop using plastic bags, buy bird-friendly shade-grown coffee, and vote to protect open space. What’s good for birds is also good for our own survival.

David Moon, Sanctuary Director of Mass Audubon’s Joppa Flats Education Center, puts it this way, ” It might be good to reflect on why it is important to go out to see birds. It’s a matter of paying attention and spending time on something of great value. Your attention and your time are valuable…. you spend the hours and the perception you can afford, to the beautiful and important creatures that arose from the dinosaurs to grace our world. If they thrive we will thrive, and because as an entire population we don’t know well enough how to live with the earth, some of us must invest part of our lives watching the creatures that tell us how the world is faring and reminding us how precious it is. Watch birds as much as you can, whether alone, with your dog, with others who share your love of them, or best of all with others who will learn to love them. Our attention and the actions it engenders have saved, protected and restored so many acres, so many lives. ”

To see the full State of the Birds report, go to

Many thanks to all flora and fauna reporters for the month of July. Please send reports by August 26 for inclusion in next month’s column. You can write me at 10 Chamberlain Rd., call me at 692-3907, or e-mail me at


Late June Reports:

Dot Mooney, Monadnock Dr. June 21, two hairy woodpeckers, one downy on suet, blue jays, male rose-breasted grosbeak on feeder. June 22, hairy woodpecker feeding a youngster, two doves on deck, one a juvenile. June 23, at Howard Rd. wetland, purple loostrife blooming, warbling vireo, duckling, all alone, darted quickly into arrowhead. Other arrowheads being tugged down into water, and saw a six-inch painted turtle doing the tugging. At least three more turtles swimming in same area. June 27, eight doves eating seeds. June 29, three young downies at suet. June 30, little house wren chattering in back woods. At Beaver Brook Rd., one greyish baby swan with parents now. White water lilies, pickerelweed, swamp milkweed blooming, a buttonbush coming up. Heard a warbling vireo. By wetland on Howard Rd, at least five turtles popped heads up here and there, a great blue heron moving at far edge of cattails. Also saw chicken — someone’s hen out for a walk!

Rosemarie Koester, Providence Rd. June 27, spotted turtle next to our garage and then on to lawn.

Marian/Bill Harman, Chamberlain Rd. At Grassy Pond, June 29, area around pond is a bog. It has sphagnum moss, sundews, common pipewort. At home, baby cardinal being fed by father. A walk at Grassy Pond: water almost all dried up- a lingering tiny pool with a great blue heron hunting in it, and white pond lillies wilting. About 2/3 from the edge the land turns boggy with sphagnum moss and many sundws Around the path the mountain laurel has just finished blooming, many grasses, sedges and rushes in the pond. Birds seen or heard: cardinal, mourning dove, chipping sparrow, crow family, catbird, chickadee, white-breasted nuthatch, blue jay, downy woodpecker, titmouse. Also deer flies, grey and red squirrels, chipmunks.

July Reports:

Dot Mooney, Monadnock Dr. July 1, “One bat fluttered by around dusk. A house wren had been chattering til’ sunset, then he turned it over to a robin. Soft breeze catching the aspen leaves, a lovely summer evening.” July 2, house finches trying to find some seed for begging babies. Handsome male grosbeak a frequent visitor. July 5, three turkey vultures overhead. fragrant common milkweed in bloom along back lawn. Red-tailed hawk over woods. July 9, visiting feeder by edge of woods, three titmice, chickadees, chipping sparrows, cardinals, blue jays, several dove on ground. Suet basket always popular with all woodpeckers, other small birds and blue jays. July 12, still dark at 4:45 a.m., cardinal and catbird already singing cheerfully in woods. At Howard Rd. wetlands, mid afternoon, lots of arrowhead bent over into water, and numerous little painted turtles sunning themselves on large arrowhead leaves. They were less than 4 inches long, and were everywhere. Purple loostrife in water, fragrant swamp honeysuckle blooming at water’s edge–no chicken today. July 13, A catbird’s random chatter became serous “mews” for awhile, then back to chatter. Poor Grassy Pond! Its so dry, its hard to picture myself walking around the pond and watching a cormorant sit on rocks in the center of the water. July 14, lovely doe walking in grass, 5:30 am. Family of blue jays around, several noisy youngsters pursuing parents. A squirrel shakes its fists at the feeder, then returns to try again. Five turkeys on ground under feeder. July 15, two deer in their soft, reddish-brown coats, one a doe, one a four-point buck in new antlers still velvet-covered. They seem shiny and healthy, sharing a pleasant moment in the wildflowers. July 16, one bat darting over lawn doing his job at 4:50 a.m. Two white-breasted nuthatches seem to be having a discussion. Feeder busy all day. July 17, back woods full of morning bird song. A wood thrush has added his voice for awhile. Evening, seven doves on ground. July 18, little family of chipping sparrows out front busy on ground, waiting to get on feeder. July 20, heads on sumac bushes showing more color….in the end they will all be beautiful. Chatty catbird nearby. “All of the birds sound as cheerful as can be on this lovely summer morning. I guess we all feel the same way.”

Doug Pederson, Woodland Dr. July 4, common yellowthroat warbler, cat bird, turkey vulture, black-billed cuckoo in Harvard at Oxbow refuge.  Lovely cooper’s hawk on tree in yard.

Kate Phaneuf, Drawbridge Rd. July 5, hawk (I think a broad-winged hawk) sitting on top of chimney cap, scanning. On Rt. 110 near post office, a killdeer running around in the grass. Possible raven soaring over Cornerstone Square area.  A little rabbit often visits in yard, nibbles at the moss.

Marian/Bill Harman, walk on Rome Drive. July 4, scarlet tanager singing, wood thrush singing. July 7, three great-spangled fritillaries on the bee balm. July 8, saint johnswort, milkweeds, walnut tree, norway maple, white pine, virginia creeper, grass pink, daisy fleabane. July 10, walk on trail near Blake’s Hill Rd., wood thrush, robins, chipping sparrow, Indian cucumber, common yellowthroat, song sparrow, red-winged blackbirds, chickadees, house finch, wild indigo, white-tailed deer, dogbane, parula warbler, mourning dove, chimney swift, tree swallows, pileated woodpecker, catbird, goldenrod, honeysuckle, bush honeysuckle, St. johnswort, sweet fern, pussy toes, red cover, four great blue herons in marsh, oriole family, red squirrel, scarlet tanager, great-crested flycatcher, sassafras trees, blue-headed vireo, seven heron nests, two have birds on them, two adult herons, one juvenile, kingfisher, cowbird, bracken fern, mosses, wild strawberry, red-eyed vireo, butte and eggs, two barn swallows. July 12, male rose-breasted grosbeak on the feeder.

Marilyn Day, Graniteville Rd. July 9, red squirrels cutting off tips of our spruce trees [to get the cones which were attached-MH]. Female and juvenile rose-breasted grosbeaks are constant visitors. I haven’t seen the male since June.

Flavio Fernandes, Vineyard Rd. July 13, two red-tailed hawks on deck railing, one drinking water from a container and calling parents.

Debbie Prato, Hayrick Lane. July 24, my vegetable garden has been completely devoured. July sightings: mallards, turkey with no tail, woodchuck, Baltimore oriole, crow, yellow warbler, cottontails, turkey vultures, rose-breasted grosbeaks.

Rosemarie Koester, Providence Rd. July report: lots of fledglings–fun to watch them begging for food and trying to fly to feeders. Two pairs of cardinals, two juveniles. chickadee, tufted titmouse, two blue jays, female downy woodpecker, red-bellied woodpecker, one young pileated woodpecker pecking away at a hollow tree in the woods. July 3, my first Baltimore oriole at feeder, several cowbirds, six grackles, six doves, group of red-winged blackbirds, males, females, juveniles. Male and female hummingbirds at two feeders. They are territorial and will chase one another off. I have to fill feeders almost every day. When I took the feeder down to fill, two hummers were at the window, looking inside for food. Bird bath is constantly in use. I put an extra dish on the ground. The birds need the water. Two mama turkeys with 8 and 12 little ones. Six gray squirrels, one or two red squirrels, chipmunks, garter snake, several rabbits, heard group of coyotes howling one night, nest of wasps in gutter.

Marian Harman, director emeritus, is a member of the Westford Conservation Trust, a non-profit conservation organization, whose purpose is the protection of open spaces and trails.


June 2016 Wildlife Watch – Marian Harman

Chipmunk_Doug PedersonLast fall was a huge “mast” year in Westford. In other words, there were a lot of acorns on the ground. We predicted that there would be a lot of chipmunks this spring as a result of the abundant food source, and that prediction has certainly been realized. “Lots of chipmunks” would be an understatement. Lynn Warren writes about chipmunks in her article “More Than Cute” for the May-June, 2016 edition of National Wildlife magazine. Warren reports some new research on chipmunks done by Charline Couchoux at the University of Quebec. Couchoux wanted to know how chipmunks communicate with each other.

Couchoux captured and collared twenty-one chipmunks with tiny sound recorders. Each day she recaptured her subjects and downloaded their soundtracks. Using this method, she was able to record three times as many vocalizations as had been previously recorded. For instance, she learned that high-pitched chips signal predators approaching from the ground, while low-pitched chucks signal predators approaching from the air. She recorded vocalizations between neighbors and between mothers and young. Chipmunks live together in high-density family groupings of up to thirty individuals per acre, though each lives alone and doesn’t share his or her food supply.

Chipmunk burrows are excavations that extend 18 to 36 inches below the surface, and may reach 30 feet in length. Their digging habits are good for the environment as they aerate soil and distribute microorganisms. In winter they gather acorns, nuts and seeds to store in their burrows. They may stockpile up to eight pounds of food for one winter. In winter, they enter a state called “torpor” in which their metabolism slows. Torpor reduces their need for nutrition. They are not in true hibernation however, and do rouse themselves to eat periodically.

Chipmunks’ communications are essential for life and death decisions. Each chipmunk has a unique personality and may react differently when faced with the same situation. Some are easily startled and may not be deemed to be reliable communicators by the others. Others are calm and bold, and their communications are taken seriously by the others. Couchoux states, “Chipmunks are amazing….They’re not the simple animals people think they are.”

Of course, sometimes chipmunks may make holes in your garden where they are not wanted. Some hints for dissuading them from making homes where you don’t want them include, surrounding garden beds with edgings of paving stones or gravel, planting some unappetizing plants such as daffodils, grape hyacinth and fritillaria among your other garden plants, and installing noisy wind chimes or fluttering garden flags. You can also try cooking up a concoction of crushed garlic and chopped chili pepper steeped in hot water, straining the mixture and then adding a few drops of vegetable oil. This you can apply with a spray bottle to your plants. Chipmunks and other rodents don’t like it.

But if you can’t beat ’em, enjoy them. They’re smart and funny creatures, and if we don’t have another banner mast year this fall, there will be far fewer chipmunks next spring.

Many thanks to all flora and fauna reporters for the month of June. Please send reports by July 26 for inclusion in next month’s column. You can write me at 10 Chamberlain Rd., call me at 692-3907, or e-mail me at


Late May Reports:

Rob Morrison, Kelly Rd. Bobcat seen from time to time.

Dot Mooney, Monadnock Dr. May 22, wood thrush singing in back woods, hairy woodpecker on suet. May 23, red-eyed vireo singing, male bluebird on railing checking out an old nesting box under the deck. May 24, pair of bluebirds around deck. Red-tailed hawk scared a dove; she flew hard against the glass slider but was unhurt. May 26, wood thrush and red-eyed vireo both sing in woods every day. Heard several coyotes calling near back of building late at night. May 27, house wren chattering by edge of woods. May 30, six doves, pair of blue jays in and out, downies always regulars on suet.

Dick Coleman, at Powers Rd. May 25, small red fox walking in road, looked like a pup.  April and May, a great blue heron passes overhead early every evening, headed to the SE. “With amazing precision it relieves itself directly on my neighbor’s brand new Toyota Camry. Exactly the same flight path, same location, same time every day. This guy is good…”


June Reports:

Ginger Dries, Sherwood Dr. June report, family of wrens raised in nesting box. They seem to be starting a new brood in the second box. At the feeder, rose-breasted grosbeak, red-winged blackbirds. A pair of catbirds was building a nest in the azalea bush by house, and worked very hard on it. But, then they abandoned it, perhaps because squirrels and chipmunks were getting up there. June 24, a bear got my feeders. They were bent over, and one was apparently dragged into the woods. I’m back in business now, but I’ll try taking in the feeders at night.

Dot Mooney, Monadnock Dr.. June 1, under Parkhurst Dr. power lines, heard house wren, prairie warbler, blue jay, song sparrow and chestnut-sided warbler. June 2, pair of redtails and sometimes a broad-winged hawk often gliding over woods–impressive.  June 3, on Forge Pond side of Beaver Brook, a  pair of mute swans and their four fluffy babies, close to green plants in water. One great blue heron on other side of road. At Howard Rd. wetland, chipping sparrow, red-winged blackbirds and warbling vireo. Some yellow pond lilies popping up, blue toadflax near road. During the day, my suet visited by downy, hairy and red-bellied woodpeckers. June 4, saw a little chipping sparrow moving slowly through wet grass in the morning. He was fluttering his feathers as he went, then shaking them, and repeating this for at least a minute. It became obvious that he was taking a bath–clever. Male rose-breasted grosbeak, male cardinal and a blue jay on the deck at the same time–beautiful colors. June 7, two chickadees busy in front shrubs, two downies squabbling over suet, as usual, pair of chipping sparrows busy by front walk, two titmice around, tree swallows overhead. June 11, robins singing at 4:30 a.m. Early afternoon, female hairy woodpecker feeding suet to her nervous male baby, whose white feathers are so bright and clean. Male downy showing his youngster how to eat suet, but not feeding him. This day I had seen 19 different kinds of birds, just looking out my windows: robin, tree swallow, great blue heron, red-eyed vireo, white-breasted nuthatch, chickadee, cardinal, house finch, blue jay, cowbird, dove, titmouse, goldfinch, chipping sparrow, red-tailed hawk, hairy woodpecker, downy woodpecker, grackle, turkey. June 14, male and female rose-breasted grosbeaks on feeder together, catbird calling, family of house finches around. June 16, fish crows around store parking lots on Rt. 110. June 17, at wetlands on Howard Rd., red-winged blackbirds, chipping sparrow, warbling vireo, several bullfrogs calling. Growing nearby was common St. John’s-wort, evening primrose, blue toadflax and bittersweet nightshade. I noticed a hole in the ground surrounded by remains of turtle eggs. These were perhaps dug out by a predator. By the water on Beaver Brook Rd., heard catbird and warbling vireo. Swan family was on pond side, more turtle nests that had been dug out, eggshells scattered around. Under power lines on Parkhurst Rd., towhee, prairie warbler, chestnut-sided warbler, catbird, chipping sparrow and an extremely talented mockingbird. Saw English plantain, white yarrow, evening primrose and lots of multi-flora rose.  At home in the back woods, northern catalpa tree is covered with bright white blossoms. June 18, a downy and a hairy woodpecker right beside each other on railing, showing me that the little downy is only half the size of the hairy. Catbird calling from sumacs, daisy fleabane blooming near woods. June 20, three blue jays at feeders. These flashy birds provide an effective alarm system for other birds. Dove walking around in center of birdbath, then standing quietly in water for over a minute, enjoying the moment. Several grackles around the feeder. These birds’ tails have the same wedge shape as ravens. July 25, at Vose Rd., common St. Johnswort, spiderwort, white yarrow, spreading dogbane, brown-eyed susan, common milkweed, blue vetch, various goldenrods. A very chatty warbling vireo and common yellowthroat. “Summer is a splendid season.”

John Piekos, Dunstable Rd. June 3, “I decided to buy another trail camera with the goal of capturing a bobcat….the camera was only out one week and the very first photo on it was a bobcat, possibly pregnant.”

Doug Pederson, at Forge Pond. June 3, four baby swans with their parents, one getting a free ride on top. Also, three turkey vultures in an air show with an osprey and a red-tailed hawk, other birds chasing, and a mother mallard. June 6, at Forge Pond, June 6, red-winged blackbirds bothering a blue heron. Mother wood duck and babies, swans with only three babies left. Two blue herons flew towards me at the Forge Pond bridge.

______ Dave Coleman, at Tyngsboro Rd. June 6, pair of Canada geese with seven large goslings slowly crossing the road from Flushing Pond.

Andrew Bourget, Chamberlain Rd. June 6, bobcat at my neighbor’s house on Hunt Rd. (momma and two cubs). A few weeks ago, the bobcat strolled through our yard and crossed the road. Bald eagle on Drawbridge Rd. Barred owl on Lowell Rd. a few weeks ago, late morning.

Marian/Bill Harman, Chamberlain Rd. June 10, mom turkey and ten babies in yard. June 23, juvenile red-bellied woodpecker chased a catbird off the suet. Lots of baby birds about, especially house sparrows, and titmice and downy woodpeckers. A red-tailed hawk swooped under the feeder for something, but missed. Two red squirrels in the yard, very vocal, baby bunnies in the yard. June 25, mom turkey only has seven babies now.

Barbara Theriault, Tadmuck Lane. June 11, cowbird, red-bellied woodpecker, blue jays, titmice, downy woodpecker, hairy woodpecker, cardinals, robins, house finch. June 13, bobcat sitting on the steps to the back yard between two planters, like a house cat! Also, chipmunks, hummingbird.

Kate Phaneuf, Drawbridge Rd. June 12, I am overrun by chipmunks, so have not been putting out any more seed. One great blue heron has been returning daily to the beaver pond. A very small rabbit hanging out in a small wild strawberry patch next to the house.  On Palace Rd. between Providence and Tadmuck, saw a white turkey out for a stroll with eight to ten poults. I heard that white turkeys are most often female.

Cori Ryan, Stony Brook Rd. June 17, Grassy Pond is almost a mudflat now. You may wish to look for the rare grass. There was a sad looking heron there this morning.

Rosemarie Koester, Providence Rd. June report: Two pairs of blue jays, four to six mourning doves, chickadees, tufted titmouse, nuthatch, six grackles, two pairs of cardinals, one has a bit of balding. Four to six goldfinches, purple finch, house finches, two robins, male, female and juvenile red-winged blackbirds. One has a good time splashing in the birdbath. Pair of rose-breasted grosbeaks. They seem to like the cardinal seeds, several types of sparrows, heard hawk overhead, two to four turkeys, one partially white. A pair of turkeys fighting, and one watching. Mama turkey with thirteen little ones following closely behind, another mama with only three little ones. Squirrels, chipmunks, two rabbits, about eight chipmunks, heard a coyote howling one night. Two garter snakes, one snakeskin.

Ginger Dries, Sherwood Dr. June 24,



            Marian Harman is a member of the Westford Conservation Trust, a non-profit conservation organization whose mission is the preservation of Westford’s open spaces and trails. The Trust welcomes new members and volunteers. Check out the Trust’s website at, or visit us on Facebook.

Grassy Pond

Grassy Pond is interesting right now because the water level is so low, and it really is “grassy”.

The low water level is probably caused by all the sunny days with little rain in recent weeks.  It is said that Grassy Pond becomes entirely without water about once every 10 years.

By the way, Grassy Pond develops a chorus of frogs on summer evenings, particularly when it’s rainy.  Here’s a recording I made on such a night, focusing on a barred owl.  The owl is interesting, but the background of tree frogs, green frogs, and loud bull frogs is interesting too.

-Bill Harman


grassy pond mapBarredOwlWestfordMar2016ca



Earth Day 2016


quotes-earth-day-2015-3 earthday1


Celebrate Earth Day all month by supporting the month long Lowell Earth Day Celebration, Westford’s Town Wide Clean Up Day, and Concord’s Umbrella for the Arts Earth Day Event!

Earth Day Festival in Lowell – April 23rd

This free celebration features environmentally conscious organizations and artists, children’s activities, demonstrations, hands-on workshops, greenhouse tours, and local entertainment. It is a wonderful chance to learn about community gardening and what environmentally conscious organizations are accomplishing.

This family event is hosted by the Community Gardens Greenhouse and sponsored by the Lowell National Historical Park. It is held on Saturday, April 23, rain or shine! Food and drinks are available.

The event also kicks-off the annual volunteer season for the Community Gardens Greenhouse and Lowell National Historical Park. You’ll be able to learn about the season’s new projects and see what’s growing in the greenhouse!

Westford Town Wide Clean Up Day – April 30th

Meet at Roudenbush Community Center at 8:00 a.m. to register, get a free tee shirt and your location assignment. Return to Roudenbush at noon for free BBQ lunch!

To register your group, email

Concord Musketaquid Arts & Environment, Celebrating the Confluence of Art and Nature – Earth Day Celebration – April 30th from 9:30-2:00pm